ORIGINAL PAPER
The prospects of sustainable energy development in Latin America: prospects and parriers
Igbal Guliev 1  
,   Ekaterina Krivosheeva 1  
,   Luiza Akieva 1  
,   Petr Kruzhilin 1  
 
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International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, Russia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Igbal Guliev   

International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, 76, Prospect Vernadskogo Moscow, Russia, 119454, Moscow, Russia
Submission date: 2021-07-14
Final revision date: 2021-09-09
Acceptance date: 2021-09-15
Publication date: 2021-09-23
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(3):161–182
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The issues of green energy and sustainable development are one of the most discussed and most important today in face of the global challenges, such as global warming, greenhouse emissions, degradation of the ecology etc. In this regard, green energy is obviously a necessary part of the energy policy of a country. Still, economic crises and instability have led to the necessity to form a sustainable economy; hence the crossing of the two mentioned policies leads to the necessity to figure out what sustainable green energy is. The issues of green energy are very important for the developing economies, which are highly limited in financial resources. The countries of Latin America are among the ones which face significant issues in this sphere. The article is devoted to the formulation of this concept and to the proof that sustainable energy development is individual for every country. The scope of the research is the Latin American region, within the years since 2000. The authors conducted a regression analysis of the GDPs of several countries, namely, Brazil, Argentina, Peru and Colombia and their green energy sectors, and formulated conclusions on sustainable energy sources in these countries. The key findings include the proof of sustainable green energy sources for every researched country and the strategies for the improvement of these countries’ renewable energy sector performance. The novelty of the article encompasses the methodology used and the concept of sustainable renewable energy.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Możliwości zrównoważonego rozwoju energetycznego w Ameryce Łacińskiej: perspektywy i bariery
Zielona energia, zrównoważona energia odnawialna, Brazylia, Argentyna, Peru, Kolumbia
Zagadnienia zielonej energii i zrównoważonego rozwoju są dziś jednymi z najczęściej dyskutowanych i najważniejszych w obliczu globalnych wyzwań, takich jak globalne ocieplenie, emisje gazów cieplarnianych, degradacja ekologii itp. Pod tym względem zielona energia jest niezbędnym elementem polityki energetycznej kraju. Jednak kryzysy gospodarcze i niestabilność doprowadziły do konieczności stworzenia zrównoważonej gospodarki, a pogodzenie dwóch wspomnianych polityk prowadzi do konieczności ustalenia, czym jest zrównoważona zielona energia. Kwestie zielonej energii są bardzo ważne dla rozwijających się gospodarek, które są ograniczone finansowo. Kraje Ameryki Łacińskiej są jednymi z tych, które borykają się z poważnymi problemami w tej sferze. Artykuł poświęcony jest sformułowaniu tej koncepcji oraz wykazaniu że zrównoważony rozwój energetyki jest indywidualny dla każdego kraju. Zakres badań obejmuje region Ameryki Łacińskiej po 2000 roku. Autorzy przeprowadzili analizę regresji PKB kilku krajów, a mianowicie Brazylii, Argentyny, Peru i Kolumbii oraz ich sektorów zielonej energii, a także sformułowali wnioski dotyczące zrównoważonych źródeł energii w tych krajach. Podstawowe wyniki badań wskazują, że w każdym z badanych krajów istnieją zrównoważone źródła energii oraz strategie poprawy wydajności sektora energii odnawialnej w tych krajach. Nowością artykułu jest zastosowana metodologia oraz koncepcja zrównoważonej energii odnawialnej.
 
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