Tools for modeling the level of harmonic distortion in power grids and their impact
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Vinnytsia National Technical University, Ukraine
Submission date: 2023-03-30
Final revision date: 2023-04-21
Acceptance date: 2023-05-23
Publication date: 2023-12-19
Corresponding author
Juliya Malogulko   

Vinnytsia National Technical University, Ukraine
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2023;26(4):19-44
The impact of harmonic distortions on power grids is a major issue in contemporary power networks as a result of the extensive application of non-linear loads. The purpose of this article is to explore the problem of harmonic distortion in power grids and its impact on the elements of the power grid, such as cable lines and transformers. The Schaffner PQS software product was used in this study to model power grids. New techniques for modeling power grids and finding technical solutions that meet the IEEE 519-2014 standard were introduced. The study finds that harmonic distortion can lead to an additional heat load being placed on cable lines and reduces the power available to transformers, which can decrease their rated power. The application of modern software reduces the time and complexity of calculations, and the availability of software solutions for limiting harmonic distortion simplifies the creation of solutions that meet this standard. Using the methods presented in the study, engineering solutions can be improved, the reliability of electrical systems can be increased, and the loss of electrical energy can be reduced. This can enhance efficiency for design engineers and technical specialists involved in the operation of power grids.
Narzędzia do modelowania poziomu zniekształceń harmonicznych w sieciach elektroenergetycznych i ich wpływu
jakość energii, harmonia mocy, obliczenia harmoniczne, technologie energooszczędne, odbiorniki nieliniowe
Wpływ zniekształceń harmonicznych na sieci elektroenergetyczne jest ważnym zagadnieniem we współczesnych sieciach elektroenergetycznych w wyniku szerokiego zastosowania obciążeń nieliniowych. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest jest zbadanie problemu zniekształceń harmonicznych w sieciach elektroenergetycznych i ich wpływu na elementy sieci, takie jak linie kablowe i transformatory. Do modelowania sieci elektroenergetycznych wykorzystano oprogramowanie Schaffner PQS. Przedstawiono nowe techniki modelowania sieci elektroenergetycznych i znajdowania rozwiązań technicznych zgodnych ze standardem IEEE 519-2014. Badanie wykazało, że zniekształcenia harmoniczne mogą prowadzić do dodatkowego obciążenia cieplnego linii kablowych i zmniejszać moc dostępną dla transformatorów, co może zmniejszać ich wydajność. Zastosowanie nowoczesnego oprogramowania zmniejsza czas i złożoność obliczeń, a dostępność rozwiązań programowych do ograniczania zniekształceń harmonicznych upraszcza tworzenie rozwiązań spełniających tę normę. Korzystając z metod przedstawionych w badaniu, można ulepszyć rozwiązania inżynieryjne, zwiększyć niezawodność systemów elektrycznych i zmniejszyć straty energii elektrycznej. Może to poprawić efektywność pracy inżynierów-projektantów i specjalistów technicznych zaangażowanych w eksploatację sieci elektroenergetycznych.
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