Modeling the environmental and economic effect of value added created in the energy service market
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West Ukrainian National University, Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine
West Ukrainian National University, Ukraine
Oleksandr Dluhopolskyi   

West Ukrainian National University, Ukraine
Submission date: 2021-11-20
Final revision date: 2021-12-14
Acceptance date: 2021-12-14
Publication date: 2021-12-29
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(4):153–164
The introduction of energy conservation and resource conservation measures has a positive impact on the environment and is one of the components of sustainable development at the macro level. In turn, at the micro level, such measures lead to a systematic decrease in the production costs of companies and thereby expand their economic and financial security. This article is devoted to the development of methodological tools for modeling the environmental and economic effect of added value created in the energy service market. For this, the peculiarities and components of the energy service contract have been identified. It has been established that one of the indicators of the conclusion of such a contract is the indicator of energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of measures in the structure of the added value of an energy service company. An analysis of existing models of added value created in the energy service market is carried out. A model of economic value added is taken as the basis for modeling the ecological and economic effect of added value created in the energy service market. The rationale is that such value-added is a modification of the economic profit indicator, which measures the financial result of a company, considering not only accounting costs but also the opportunity costs of invested capital for energy efficiency and environmental measures.
Modelowanie wpływu efektu środowiskowego i ekonomicznego na wartość dodaną na rynku usług energetycznych
zrównoważony rozwój, zielona energia, wartość dodana, rynek energii, przedsiębiorstwa usług energetycznych (ESCO)
Wprowadzenie zasad służących oszczędzaniu energii i zasobów ma pozytywny wpływ na środowisko i jest jednym z elementów zrównoważonego rozwoju na poziomie makro. Z kolei na poziomie mikro takie działania prowadzą do systematycznego obniżania kosztów produkcji firm, a tym samym poszerzają obszar ich bezpieczeństwa ekonomicznego i finansowego. Ten artykuł poświęcony jest opracowaniu metodologii służącej modelowaniu efektu środowiskowego i ekonomicznego na wartość dodaną na rynku usług energetycznych. Aby to było możliwe, omówiono specyfikę i elementy umowy o świadczenie usług energetycznych. Ustalono, że jednym ze wskaźników takiej umowy jest wskaźnik efektywności energetycznej i ekologiczności działań przedsiębiorstwa usług energetycznych mający wpływ na wartość kontraktu. Przeprowadzano analizę istniejących modeli wartości dodanej funkcjonujących na rynku usług energetycznych. Model ekonomicznej wartości dodanej jest podstawą do modelowania efektu ekologicznego i ekonomicznego. Uzasadnienie jest takie, że taką wartością dodaną jest modyfikacja wskaźnika zysku ekonomicznego, który mierzy wynik finansowy przedsiębiorstwa, biorąc pod uwagę nie tylko koszty księgowe, ale także koszty alternatywne zainwestowanego kapitału na działania w zakresie efektywności energetycznej i ochrony środowiska.
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