ORIGINAL PAPER
Energy generation, transition and sustainable growth in Turkey
 
 
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International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, Russia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ibragim Pashaev   

International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, Prospekt Vernadskogo 76, 119454, Moscow, Russia
Submission date: 2021-12-24
Final revision date: 2022-03-12
Acceptance date: 2022-03-12
Publication date: 2022-03-25
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2022;25(1):23–38
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The structural economic problems of Turkey have led to the significant challenges for the development of the country, especially in the postcoronavirus economy. One of such challenges is the achievement of the sustainable development imperatives in combination with the preservation of the competitive advantages of the Turkish economy. The loss of the major drivers of the economy of the country, including tourism and logistics, in complex with the economic deterioration of the monetary system of the country are the major components of the current crisis. This controversy is analyzed in the paper along with the search for the best options of the energy sphere development in Turkey. This search covers economic aspects of the current situation in the country. The authors put forward and prove a hypothesis that Turkey energy system can be more influential on its economic development. This proof is based on the energy mix analysis and on the thorough review of the potential of the country for the green energy development and its economic effectiveness for the country. The key findings of the article include the proof that the sustainable development and the green energy development in Turkey are quite different processes, which are on intention divided by political measures, the proof that Turkey has serious issues in development of the energy sector due to its low influence on the economic development in its current state, the developed recommendations for the better structuring of the energy sector development.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Produkcja energii, transformacja i zrównoważony rozwój Turcji
Turcja, sektor energetyczny, zielona energia, zrównoważony rozwój, struktura, transformacja
Strukturalne problemy gospodarcze Turcji doprowadziły do poważnych wyzwań dla rozwoju kraju, zwłaszcza w gospodarce po pandemii koronawirusa. Jednym z takich wyzwań jest osiągnięcie założeń zrównoważonego rozwoju w połączeniu z zachowaniem przewag konkurencyjnych tureckiej gospodarki. Utrata głównych sił napędowych gospodarki kraju, w tym turystyki i logistyki, w połączeniu z pogorszeniem się sytuacji gospodarczej systemu monetarnego kraju to główne elementy obecnego kryzysu. Kontrowersje te są analizowane w artykule wraz z poszukiwaniem najlepszych opcji rozwoju energetyki w Turcji. Poszukiwanie to obejmuje ekonomiczne aspekty aktualnej sytuacji w kraju. Autorzy stawiają i udowadniają hipotezę, że system energetyczny Turcji może mieć większy wpływ na jej rozwój gospodarczy. Dowód ten opiera się na analizie miksu energetycznego oraz na wnikliwym przeglądzie potencjału kraju dla rozwoju zielonej energii i jej efektywności ekonomicznej. Kluczowe wnioski z artykułu są takie, że zrównoważony rozwój i rozwój zielonej energii w Turcji to zupełnie różne procesy, które celowo dzieli się środkami politycznymi, powodując, że Turcja ma poważne problemy z rozwojem energetyki, ponieważ w obecnym stanie ma ona niewielki wpływ na rozwój gospodarczy. Zostały wypracowane rekomendacje, których realizacja pozwoli na lepsze ustrukturyzowanie rozwoju energetyki.
 
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