About the state and problems of standardization of energy management in Russian enterprises
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Department of Quality Management, Russian University of Transport, Russia
Department of Transport Construction in Extreme Conditions, Russian University of Transport, Russia
Ramilya Savchuk   

Department of Quality Management, Russian University of Transport, 9 Obraztsov Str., 127994, Moscow, Russia
Submission date: 2021-07-26
Final revision date: 2021-08-06
Acceptance date: 2021-08-08
Publication date: 2021-09-22
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(3):93–102
The purpose of this article is to investigate the problematic aspects of standardization of energy management systems in Russian enterprises. The main characteristics of energy management, existing standards in the field of energy management are given. To study the best practices and the effectiveness of the implementation of the energy management system in 2017, the Ministry of Energy of Russia, with the participation of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Russian Energy Agency” the Ministry of Energy of Russia, carried out the monitoring of energy efficiency management and the implementation of energy management systems in the practice of Russian companies. The peculiarity of the introduction of energy management systems in the practice of managing Russian enterprises has been identified, which consists in the fact that it occurs based on the already implemented quality management system, environmental management, labor protection, when a lot of work has been done (document management, internal audit system, corrective actions, training, provisions providing feedback and the possibility of submitting proposals, etc.). Like any quality management system, the successful implementation of this standard depends on the involvement of all levels and functions of the organization’s management in this process, and especially on top management.
O stanie i problemach standaryzacji gospodarki energetycznej w rosyjskich przedsiębiorstwach
efektywność energetyczna, audyt, transport, normalizacja, administracja
W artykule omówiono problematyczne aspekty standaryzacji systemów zarządzania energią w rosyjskich przedsiębiorstwach. Podano główne cechy zarządzania energią, istniejące normy w zakresie zarządzania energią. W celu zbadania najlepszych praktyk i skuteczności wdrożenia systemu zarządzania energią w 2017 r. Ministerstwo Energii Rosji, przy udziale Federalnej Państwowej Instytucji Budżetowej „Rosyjska Agencja Energetyczna”, przeprowadziło monitoring zarządzania efektywnością energetyczną oraz wdrażania systemów zarządzania energią w praktyce rosyjskich firm. Zidentyfikowano specyfikę wprowadzenia systemów zarządzania energią w praktyce rosyjskich przedsiębiorstw. Polega ona na tym, że odbywa się to na podstawie już wdrożonego systemu zarządzania jakością, zarządzania środowiskowego, ochrony pracy (zarządzanie dokumentami, system audytu wewnętrznego, działania naprawcze, szkolenia, zapisy zapewniające informację zwrotną i możliwość składania wniosków itp.). Jak w przypadku każdego systemu zarządzania jakością, pomyślne wdrożenie tego standardu zależy od zaangażowania w ten proces wszystkich szczebli kierownictwa organizacji, a zwłaszcza najwyżej usytuowanych.
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