ORIGINAL PAPER
Energy poverty leap during the pandemic: the case of Ukraine
 
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1
Department of Management, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine
2
Department of International Law and Comparative Law, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine
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Department of Marketing and Business Administration, Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anatoliy G. Goncharuk   

Department of Management, International Humanitarian University, Fontanska doroga 33, 65009, Odesa, Ukraine
Submission date: 2021-03-06
Final revision date: 2021-04-15
Acceptance date: 2021-05-11
Publication date: 2021-06-21
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(2):5–18
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
As recent studies showed, the post-communist countries have relatively the highest level of energy poverty in Europe. The poorest of them still are not explored. So, the authors decided to study this problem for Ukraine as one of the largest and poorest post-communist countries in Europe. This Eastern European country experienced a number of challenges before the pandemic, including a war with Russia in the east of the country, high external debt, high energy intensity and low added value of the economy. The purpose of this study is to measure how deep the energy poverty problem in Ukraine is and how it changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Applying selected quantitative and financial indicators, the authors showed the problem of energy poverty in Ukraine remained acute at the beginning of 2020, especially in terms of heating. Moreover, its level in Ukraine was three times higher than the average level for the all the EU countries. Furthermore, in 2020, during the pandemic, there were drastic increasing arrears of households on utility bills that meant a new leap of energy poverty in Ukraine. This study did not search for the causes of the identified leap in energy poverty, which apparently connected with the global and local economic and social consequences of the pandemic. However, it revealed the depth of this problem and the lower impact of the nature factor (air temperature) on energy poverty during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Further research is required to identify the underlying drivers and develop possible solutions to this problem in Ukraine and other European countries suffering from high energy poverty.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Wzrost ubóstwa energetycznego podczas pandemii: przypadek Ukrainy
ubóstwo energetyczne, zaległości w płatnościach, gospodarstwa domowe, pandemia, Ukraina
Jak pokazały ostatnie badania, kraje postkomunistyczne mają relatywnie wysoki poziom ubóstwa energetycznego w Europie. Te kraje nadal nie są badane. Dlatego autorzy postanowili zbadać ów problem na przykładzie Ukrainy, jako jednego z największych i najbiedniejszych krajów postkomunistycznych w Europie. Ten wschodnioeuropejski kraj doświadczył wielu wyzwań przed pandemią, w tym wojny z Rosją na wschodzie kraju, wysokiego zadłużenia zagranicznego, dużej energochłonności i niskiej wartości dodanej gospodarki. Celem badania jest zmierzenie, jak głęboki jest problem ubóstwa energetycznego na Ukrainie i jak zmienił się podczas pandemii COVID-19. Posługując się wybranymi wskaźnikami ilościowymi i finansowymi, autorzy wykazali, że problem ubóstwa energetycznego na Ukrainie na początku 2020 r. był problemem dotkliwym, zwłaszcza w zakresie ogrzewania. Jego poziom na Ukrainie był trzykrotnie wyższy niż średni poziom dla wszystkich krajów UE. Co więcej, w 2020 r. podczas pandemii drastycznie narastały zaległości gospodarstw domowych w opłacaniu rachunków za media, co oznaczało nowy skok ubóstwa energetycznego na Ukrainie. W niniejszym opracowaniu nie poszukiwano przyczyn zidentyfikowanego wzrostu ubóstwa energetycznego, który najwyraźniej wiązał się z globalnymi i lokalnymi ekonomicznymi i społecznymi konsekwencjami pandemii. Ujawniło ono jednak głębię problemu i udowodniło, że wpływ czynnika przyrodniczego (temperatury powietrza) na ubóstwo energetyczne w trakcie i po pandemii COVID-19 nie był zbyt istotny. Konieczne są dalsze badania w celu zidentyfikowania przyczyn i opracowania możliwych rozwiązań tego problemu na Ukrainie i w innych krajach europejskich dotkniętych wysokim ubóstwem energetycznym.
 
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ISSN:1429-6675