REVIEW PAPER
Thermal and mechanical energy storage as a chance for energy transformation in Poland
Artur Dyczko 1  
,   Paweł Kamiński 2  
,   Kinga Stecuła 3  
,   Dariusz Prostański 4  
,   Michał Kopacz 1  
,   Daniel Kowol 4  
 
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1
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
2
Faculty of Mining and Geoengineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
3
Przedsiębiorstwo Budowy Szybów SA, Tarnowskie Góry, Poland
4
KOMAG Institute of Mining Technology, Gliwice, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kinga Stecuła   

Przedsiębiorstwo Budowy Szybów S.A., Tarnowskie Góry 42-600, ul. Hutnicza 5-9, Poland
Submission date: 2021-08-20
Final revision date: 2021-09-01
Acceptance date: 2021-09-01
Publication date: 2021-09-22
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(3):43–60
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The objective of the European Green Deal is to change Europe into the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Therefore, European countries are developing technological solutions to increase the production of energy from renewable sources of energy. In order to universally implement energy production from renewable energy sources, it is necessary to solve the problem of energy storage. The authors discussed the issue of energy storage and renewable energy sources, reviewing applied thermal and mechanical energy storage solutions. They referred to the energy sector in Poland which is based mainly on mining activities. The method that was used in this paper is a review of thermal and mechanical energy storage solutions. In industrial practice, various solutions on energy storage are developed around the world. The authors reviewed those solutions and described the ones which currently function in practice. Hence, the authors presented the good practices of energy storage technology. Additionally, the authors conducted an analysis of statistical data on the energy sector in Poland. The authors presented data on prime energy production in Poland in 2004–2019. They described how the data has changed over time. Subsequently, they presented and interpreted data on renewable energy sources in Poland. They also showed the situation of Poland compared to other European countries in the context of the share of renewables in the final gross energy consumption.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Magazynowanie energii cieplnej i mechanicznej jako szansa dla transformacji energetycznej w Polsce
magazynowanie energii, energia, odnawialne źródła energii, transformacja, energetyczna, Polska
Celem Europejskiego Zielonego Ładu jest przekształcenie Europy w pierwszy na świecie kontynent neutralny dla klimatu do 2050 roku. Z tego względu kraje europejskie opracowują rozwiązania technologiczne zwiększające produkcję energii z odnawialnych źródeł. W celu powszechnego wdrożenia produkcji energii z odnawialnych źródeł energii konieczne jest rozwiązanie problemu magazynowania energii. Autorzy omówili problematykę magazynowania energii i odnawialnych źródeł energii, dokonując przeglądu stosowanych rozwiązań magazynowania energii cieplnej i mechanicznej. Odnieśli się do sektora energetycznego w Polsce, który opiera się głównie na działalności górniczej. Metodą, która została zastosowana w pracy, jest przegląd rozwiązań magazynowania energii cieplnej i mechanicznej. W praktyce przemysłowej na całym świecie opracowywane są różne rozwiązania w zakresie magazynowania energii. Autorzy dokonali ich przeglądu i opisali te, które obecnie funkcjonują w praktyce. W artykule przedstawione zostały dobre praktyki techniki magazynowania energii. Dodatkowo autorzy przeprowadzili analizę danych statystycznych dotyczących sektora energetycznego w Polsce. Zaprezentowali dane dotyczące produkcji energii pierwotnej w Polsce w latach 2004–2019 oraz opisali, jak zmieniały się one w czasie. Następnie przedstawili i zinterpretowali dane dotyczące odnawialnych źródeł energii w Polsce, a także sytuację Polski na tle innych krajów europejskich w kontekście udziału OZE w końcowym zużyciu energii brutto.
 
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