ORIGINAL PAPER
Willingness to pay for the renewable energy sources of the residents of Kraków and their perception of the actions aimed at reducing the level of environmental pollution
 
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Department of Public Economics, Cracow University of Economics, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Łukasz Mamica   

Department of Public Economics, Cracow University of Economics, Rakowicka 27, 31-510, Kraków, Poland
Submission date: 2021-03-11
Final revision date: 2021-04-10
Acceptance date: 2021-04-15
Publication date: 2021-06-21
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(2):117–136
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Implementing energy transformation through the goal of the more extensive use of renewable energy sources is one of the key tasks on the road to slowing adverse climate change. The pace of this transformation is dependent on both the political decisions and social support for the implemented changes. The indicator of the aforementioned support is the Willingness to Pay for Renewable Energy Sources (WTP) declared by residents. The increase of the WTP value influences a more rapid and wider substitution of non-renewable energy sources with renewable energy sources. The goal of this paper is to analyze the determinants of the WTP indicator on the example of residents of Kraków and their perception of the actions aimed at reducing the level of environmental pollution. Research is based on a survey performed on a representative sample of 393 residents of Kraków, Poland. In the surveyed group of residents, the average monthly willingness to pay more for renewable energy was PLN 83.7, i.e. approx. USD 21.47. The WTP differs in a statistically significant manner depending on the type of housing in which the respondents reside. On average, the residents of detached houses or terraced housing declared the WTP value twice as high as the WTP value declared by the residents of apartment buildings or tenement houses.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Skłonność do płacenia za energię ze źródeł odnawialnych deklarowana przez mieszkańców Krakowa w perspektywie działań zmierzających do obniżenia poziomu zanieczyszczenia środowiska
skłonność do zapłaty za energię odnawialną, transformacja energetyczna, postawy ekologiczne, polityka energetyczna
Przeprowadzenie transformacji energetycznej w kierunku szerszego wykorzystywania źródeł odnawialnych jest jednym z kluczowych zadań na drodze do zahamowania negatywnych zmian klimatycznych. Tempo tego procesu zależy zarówno od decyzji politycznych, jak i poparcia społecznego dla wdrażanych zmian. Wskaźnikiem wspomnianego poparcia jest skłonność do płacenia za energię ze źródeł odnawialnych (ang. Willingness to pay for Renewable Energy Sources WTP), deklarowana przez mieszkańców. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest analiza determinant tej skłonności na przykładzie mieszkańców Krakowa oraz postrzegania przez nich działań redukujących poziom zanieczyszczeń środowiska w oparciu o wyniki badań ankietowych przeprowadzonych na reprezentatywnej grupie 393 mieszkańców tego miasta. Badania uwzględniają opinie dotyczące wprowadzenia od 1 września 2019 roku pionierskiego w skali Polski zakazu palenia paliwami stałymi. W analizowanej grupie mieszkańców średnia miesięczna skłonność do płacenia więcej za energię pochodzącą ze źródeł odnawialnych wyniosła 83,7 zł, tj. ok. 21,47 USD. WTP różni się od siebie w statystyczne istotny sposób w zależności od typu zabudowy, w jakiej mieszkają ankietowani. Mieszkańcy domów jednorodzinnych lub domów w zabudowie szeregowej deklarują średnio ponad dwukrotnie wyższą wartość WTP niż mieszkańcy bloków i kamienic (odpowiednio 152,47 zł, tj. 39,11 USD w stosunku do 62,11 zł, tj. 15,93 USD). Przeprowadzone badania pokazały również, że wartość WTP jest w sposób statystycznie istotny determinowana przez fakt wykorzystywania urządzeń energooszczędnych, i wyższa w grupie osób deklarujących ich stosowanie.
 
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