Australia’s green energy development strategy
Elnur Mekhdiev 1  
,   Igbal Guliev 2  
,   Kristina Benashvili 2  
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Center for Analysis, Risk Management and Internal Control in Digital Space, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Russia
International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, Russia
Elnur Mekhdiev   

Center for Analysis, Risk Management and Internal Control in Digital Space, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 49, Leningradsky Prospekt, 125993, Moscow, Russia
Submission date: 2021-01-26
Final revision date: 2021-03-04
Acceptance date: 2021-03-05
Publication date: 2021-03-24
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(1):67–84
Today green energy agenda is in the lead position in the media space and scientific community. The countries have put forward ambitious strategies for green energy development: cut CO2 emissions, introduce new financial instruments. Australia is no exception. The country is trying to start a massive green energy transformation, but its effect on the economy of Australia is dubious, especially taking the losses of profit from coal exports into account. The article aims at answering the main question: is massive green transformation necessary for Australia and the ones, which follow it, namely, how can green energy transformation be conducted in the country, what sources of renewable energy are preferable in the country and how does the green energy transition influence the Australian economy? The key findings include: the proof of the non-necessity of massive green energy transformation in Australia, the proof that solar and wind power are the most effective renewable energy resources in the country and the proof that Australia should slow down the green energy transformation if it wants to preserve its economic prosperity.
Strategia rozwoju zielonej energii w Australii
Australia, energia, zielona energia, transformacja, węgiel, analiza, strategia
Dziś programy dotyczące zielonej energii zajmują wiodącą pozycję w przestrzeni medialnej wśród społeczności naukowej. Kraje przedstawiają ambitne strategie rozwoju zielonej energii: ograniczenie emisji CO2, wprowadzenie nowych instrumentów finansowych. Australia nie jest w tym obszarze wyjątkiem. Kraj próbuje rozpocząć masową transformację w kierunku zielonej energii, ale jej wpływ na gospodarkę Australii jest wątpliwy, zwłaszcza jeśli weźmie się pod uwagę utratę zysków z eksportu węgla. Artykuł ma na celu dać odpowiedź na podstawowe pytania: czy w Australii konieczna jest masowa zielona transformacja, oraz w jaki sposób można przeprowadzić transformację w kierunku zielonej energii w kraju, jakie źródła energii odnawialnej są preferowane i w jaki sposób przejście na zieloną energię wpłynie na australijską gospodarkę? Kluczowe ustalenia są następujące: wykazano brak konieczności masowej transformacji w kierunku zielonej energii w Australii; wykazano, że energia słoneczna i wiatrowa są najskuteczniejszymi odnawialnymi źródłami energii w kraju oraz udowodniono, że Australia powinna spowolnić transformację w kierunku zielonej energii, jeśli chce zachować dobrobyt gospodarczy.
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