Conceptual provisions of the transformation of the national energy system of Ukraine in the context of the European Green Deal
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Department of Regulatory Policy and Entrepreneurship Development, Institute of Industrial Economics of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Ukraine
Vice-Rector for International Relations, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine
Department of International Law and Comparative Law, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine
Department of Management and Innovations, Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine
Submission date: 2021-10-13
Final revision date: 2021-12-13
Acceptance date: 2021-12-13
Publication date: 2021-12-29
Corresponding author
Nataliia Trushkina   

Department of Regulatory Policy and Entrepreneurship Development, Institute of Industrial Economics of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Ukraine
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(4):121-138
This article is aimed at the scientific and methodological substantiation of conceptual provisions for the transformation of the national energy system of Ukraine through the formation of eco-energy clusters. The article analyses international reports on the development of green energy in different countries. An analysis of the dynamics of energy consumption in Ukraine on the basis of renewable sources for 2007–2019 is performed. An algorithm for making a management decision on the transition to renewable energy sources is proposed. In order to transform the national energy system, a conceptual approach to the formation of an eco-energy cluster as an element of innovation infrastructure based on smart specialization is substantiated. It is proven that this structure should be in the form of the partnership of energy companies, business structures, research institutions, higher education institutions, institutions of logistics, energy and innovation infrastructure, and government agencies. This, in turn, will provide a synergistic effect (economic, environmental, social) by improving a number of existing legislations on alternative energy sources, which would increase the economic efficiency of their production, such as: the development of investment projects to attract additional investments in this industry; state guarantees to producers of “clean” energy for its purchase at fixed tariffs; ensuring the level of energy security of Ukraine through the modernization of the network of existing power plants to increase the level of their reliability and uninterrupted operation; the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the combustion of traditional fuels.
Koncepcje transformacji krajowego systemu energetycznego Ukrainy w kontekście Europejskiego Zielonego Ładu
polityka energetyczna państwa, krajowy system energetyczny, energia odnawialna, klaster ekoenergetyczny, zielone technologie, zielona ekonomia
Celem artykułu jest naukowe i metodologiczne uzasadnienie koncepcji dotyczących przekształcenia krajowego systemu energetycznego Ukrainy poprzez tworzenie klastrów ekoenergetycznych. Analizie poddano międzynarodowe raporty dotyczące rozwoju zielonej energii w różnych krajach. Przeprowadzano analizę dynamiki zużycia energii na Ukrainie w oparciu o źródła odnawialne w latach 2007–2019. Zaproponowano algorytm podejmowania decyzji zarządczych dotyczących przejścia na odnawialne źródła energii. W celu przekształcenia krajowego systemu energetycznego uzasadniona jest koncepcja tworzenia klastra ekoenergetycznego jako elementu infrastruktury innowacyjnej opartej na inteligentnej specjalizacji. Wykazano, że struktura ta powinna mieć formę partnerstwa firm energetycznych, struktur biznesowych, instytucji badawczych, uczelni wyższych, instytucji infrastruktury logistycznej, energetycznej i innowacyjnej oraz agencji rządowych. To z kolei zapewni efekt synergiczny (ekonomiczny, środowiskowy, społeczny) poprzez poprawę szeregu istniejących przepisów dotyczących alternatywnych źródeł energii, co zwiększy efektywność ekonomiczną ich produkcji takich jak: rozwój projektów inwestycyjnych w celu przyciągnięcia dodatkowych inwestycje w tej branży; gwarancje państwa dla producentów „czystej” energii na jej zakup po stałych taryfach; zapewnienie poziomu bezpieczeństwa energetycznego Ukrainy poprzez modernizację sieci istniejących elektrowni w celu podniesienia poziomu ich niezawodności i nieprzerwanej pracy; ograniczenie emisji gazów cieplarnianych ze spalania paliw tradycyjnych.
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