The development of renewable energy in the world in the context of employment transformation
 
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Theoretical and Applied Economics Department, Ukrainian State Employment Service Training Institute, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Valeriya Podunay   

Theoretical and Applied Economics Department, Ukrainian State Employment Service Training Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine
Submission date: 2021-08-30
Final revision date: 2021-10-10
Acceptance date: 2021-10-12
Publication date: 2021-12-29
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(4):89–104
 
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
This article is devoted to the worldwide development of renewable energy in connection to the development of the socio-economic system and employment transformations. It is emphasized that the use of renewable energy sources is growing extremely fast globally, and it is generating positive socio-economic effects such as creating jobs worldwide. It is noted that in contrast to the situation in the field of traditional energy, the number of vacancies in the field of renewable energy continues to grow; photovoltaic, bioenergy, hydropower and wind forms of renewable energy are powerful employers in the world economy. It is noted that the increase in the number of people employed in the field of renewable energy is a consequence of the decentralized nature of the sector, as a result of which, renewable energy technologies produce more vacancies per unit of investment compared to traditional electricity generation technologies. It has been emphasized that the further development of renewable energy depends on the volume of investment in the creation of production facilities, which contributes to the further creation of jobs. Furthermore, it has been determined that the problem of renewable energy staffing is also extremely relevant for Ukraine. It is noted that the current system of training for this energy sector does not meet the long-term requirements; the increase of energy efficiency and the development of renewable energy transform the qualification requirements for employees, which requires the transformation of approaches to the training and development of employees.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Rozwój energetyki odnawialnej na świecie w kontekście zmian zatrudnienia
energia odnawialna, zatrudnienie w energetyce odnawialnej, trendy w zatrudnieniu, inwestycje w transformację energetyczną
Artykuł poświęcony jest światowemu rozwojowi energetyki odnawialnej w kontekście zmian systemu społeczno-gospodarczego i zatrudnienia. Podkreśla się, że wykorzystanie odnawialnych źródeł energii na świecie rośnie niezwykle szybko i generuje pozytywne efekty społeczno-gospodarcze, takie jak tworzenie miejsc pracy na całym świecie. Zauważa się, że w przeciwieństwie do sytuacji w dziedzinie energetyki tradycyjnej, liczba wolnych miejsc pracy energetyce odnawialnej stale rośnie; fotowoltaika, bioenergia, energia wodna i wiatrowe formy energii odnawialnej są potężnymi pracodawcami w gospodarce światowej. Zwraca się uwagę, że wzrost liczby osób zatrudnionych w obszarze OZE jest konsekwencją zdecentralizowanego charakteru sektora, w wyniku którego technologie OZE wytwarzają więcej miejsc pracy na jednostkę inwestycji w porównaniu z tradycyjnymi technologiami wytwarzania energii elektrycznej. Podkreślono, że dalszy rozwój energetyki odnawialnej zależy od wielkości inwestycji w tworzenie zakładów produkcyjnych, co przyczynia się do dalszego tworzenia miejsc pracy. Ponadto ustalono, że problem zatrudnienia w energetyce odnawialnej jest niezwykle istotny również dla Ukrainy. Zauważa się, że obecny system szkoleń dla tego sektora energetycznego nie spełnia wymagań w długim terminie; wzrost efektywności energetycznej i rozwój energetyki odnawialnej zmieniają wymagania kwalifikacyjne stawiane pracownikom, co wymaga zmiany podejścia do szkolenia i rozwoju pracowników.
 
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ISSN:1429-6675