ORIGINAL PAPER
Renovation management of the national economy in ensuring energy decentralization
 
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1
Institute of Industrial Economics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
2
Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine
3
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
4
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute Polish Akademy of Sciences, Poland
5
National University of Water and Environment Engineering, Ukraine
6
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Sylwester Kaczmarzewski   

Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute Polish Akademy of Sciences, Wybickiego 7A, 31-261, Kraków, Poland
Submission date: 2022-05-16
Final revision date: 2022-05-25
Acceptance date: 2022-05-27
Publication date: 2022-06-30
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2022;25(2):67–84
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
This article is devoted to an analytical review of the situation in the energy sector of Ukraine, taking into account constructive changes in the connection of the Ukrainian energy system to ENTSO-E and the destructive situation caused by industrial infrastructure failures and economic renewal. It focuses on Ukraine in the context of the principles of decentralization in the direction of significantly increasing the net cost of microgeneration, decarbonization and the transition to “green” energy. The national resource potential of energy-efficient and energy-saving technologies is systematized and the applied recommendations are provided to support state and local trends in energy sector development, namely energy storage projects, distributed generation and microgeneration based on Net Energy Metering to support small projects that solve energy problems. Included are institutional proposals for the establishment of the Agency for Decarbonization in Ukraine for the “green” transition, with broad powers of communication and the ability to make decisions on reducing carbon emissions in all areas. The possibility and expediency of using the concept of innovation is considered both from the global point of view of Ukrainian industry (with the potential prospect of using Ukraine’s industrial and logistics infrastructure as a mega-industrial park for the EU) and in the local sense of national energy, including improvements to the EU’s energy balance. It has been proven that the use of the nearshoring mechanism in Ukrainian industry in general, and in the energy sector in particular, can improve Europe’s energy balance, which has deteriorated over the past five years. Thus, the negative trend of the EU energy balance in thousands of tons of oil equivalent and in percentage terms was demonstrated. To improve the situation, the forecast of energy prices for individual EU countries was calculated taking into account Ukraine’s integration into the European energy system. The analysis and calculations revealed a potentially possible level of price reductions in some EU countries up to 20%. Recommendations are for improving energy-management efficiency at the regional level in particular, ensuring transparency in the development of renewable energy sources, using significant national potential of biofuels and increasing natural gas production, developing a business model of gas distribution center in Western Ukraine, which will be part of national gas distribution system and the European energy market.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Odbudowa gospodarki Ukrainy z uwzględnieniem decentralizacji sektora energetycznego
energetyka zdecentralizowana, energetyka, modernizacja energetyki, gospodarka krajowa, nearshoring
Artykuł poświęcony jest analitycznemu przeglądowi sytuacji w sektorze energetycznym Ukrainy z uwzględnieniem konstruktywnych zmian w przystąpieniu ukraińskiego systemu energetycznego do ENTSO-E oraz destrukcyjnej koniunktury spowodowanej uszkodzeniami infrastruktury przemysłowej i koniecznością modernizacji gospodarczej Ukrainy na zasadach decentralizacji w kierunku znacznego wzrostu wartości netto mikrogeneracji, dekarbonizacji i transformacji „zielonej” energii. Usystematyzowany potencjał zasobowy kraju do wykorzystania technologii energooszczędnych i efektywnych energetycznie, dostarczył zastosowanych rekomendacji wsparcia na poziomie krajowym i lokalnym trendów rozwoju energetyki, a mianowicie: projektów magazynowania energii, generacji rozproszonej i mikrogeneracji na zasady Net Energy Metering do obsługi małych projektów rozwiązujących problem efektywności energetycznej konkretnych obiektów. Przedstawiono propozycje instytucjonalne utworzenia Agencji Dekarbonizacji na Ukrainie na rzecz „zielonej” transformacji, z szerokimi uprawnieniami komunikacyjnymi i możliwością decydowania o redukcji emisji dwutlenku węgla we wszystkich dziedzinach. Możliwość i wykonalność wykorzystania koncepcji innowacji rozważano zarówno z globalnego punktu widzenia przemysłu ukraińskiego (z potencjalną perspektywą wykorzystania infrastruktury przemysłowej i logistycznej Ukrainy jako megaparku przemysłowego dla UE), jak i w sensie lokalnym krajowego sektora energetycznego , w tym na poprawę bilansu energetycznego UE. Przeanalizowano kalkulację prognozowanych cen nośników energii dla niektórych krajów UE z uwzględnieniem integracji Ukrainy z europejskim systemem energetycznym oraz sformułowano zalecenia dotyczące zwiększenia efektywności gospodarowania energią na poziomie regionalnym.
 
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