ORIGINAL PAPER
Transition towards sustainable energy production: where does Bangladesh stand as the worst hit by climate change?
Md Moynul Ahsan 1  
,   Showrov Rahman 2  
,   Md. Sakib Hossain 3  
,   Soad Shajid 3  
 
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1
Department of Real Estate Development and Management, Ankara University, Turkey
2
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Gazi University, Turkey
3
Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Islamic University of Technology (IUT), Bangladesh
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Md Moynul Ahsan   

Department of Real Estate Development and Management, Ankara University, Ankara University Tandogan Campus Ord. Prof. Dr. S, 06500, Ankara, Turkey
Submission date: 2021-06-29
Final revision date: 2021-09-08
Acceptance date: 2021-09-15
Publication date: 2021-09-22
 
Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 2021;24(3):121–140
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Bangladesh is the seventh climate risky country in the world located in South Asia. Progressive economic growth, rapid industrialization and other development efforts are transforming Bangladesh towards a middle-income country. To cope up with the rapid economic growth, the energy supply needs to match energy demand. On the other hand, energy is at the heart of the solution to climate challenge as two-thirds of global greenhouse gas emissions come from the energy sector. At present, around 62% of total electricity depends on gas-fired power generation but its stock is depleting fast due to the increased rate of extraction and use. Considering the shortage of natural resources and being a country worst hit by climate change, the existing state, future prospects, renewable energy policies in Bangladesh are needed to be evaluated to make the existing energy sector more sustainable and modern. A thorough description from secondary sources of the energy sector in Bangladesh is provided in this paper with a special emphasis on the current scenario and future prospects of electricity generation, existing policy issues by using various renewable energy sources. Moreover, a comparison is made regarding the progress in renewable energy sector of Bangladesh with the countries most affected by global climate change. This comparison provides a perspective of how Bangladesh is progressing towards sustainable energy transition while facing problems due to climate change. Finally, recommendations are provided to advance the development of the existing energy sector of Bangladesh to turn it into a sustainable energy sector.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Przejście do zrównoważonej produkcji energii: co jest najtrudniejsze dla Bangladeszu w związku ze zmianami klimatu?
sektor energetyczny, energia odnawialna, zmiany klimatyczne, polityka energetyczna, Bangladesz
Ocenia się, że Bangladesz jest siódmym najbardziej zagrożonym zmianami klimatu krajem na świecie, położonym w Azji Południowej. Postępujący wzrost gospodarczy, szybka industrializacja i inne działania na rzecz rozwoju przekształcają Bangladesz w kraj o średnich dochodach. Aby sprostać szybkiemu wzrostowi gospodarczemu, podaż energii musi odpowiadać zapotrzebowaniu na nią. Ale energia stanowi centralny problem związany z wyzwaniem klimatycznym, ponieważ dwie trzecie światowych emisji gazów cieplarnianych pochodzi z sektora energetycznego. Obecnie w Bangladeszu około 62% energii elektrycznej jest produkowana z gazu ziemnego, ale jego zapasy szybko się wyczerpują z powodu zwiększonego tempa wydobycia i wykorzystania. Mając na uwadze niedobór zasobów naturalnych oraz fakt, że Bangladesz jest krajem bardzo dotkniętym zmianami klimatycznymi, należy dokonać oceny istniejącego stanu, perspektyw na przyszłość i polityk związanych z energią odnawialną, aby istniejący sektor energetyczny był bardziej zrównoważony i nowoczesny. W tej pracy przedstawiono dokładny opis źródeł wtórnych sektora energetycznego w Bangladeszu, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem obecnego scenariusza i przyszłych perspektyw wytwarzania energii elektrycznej, istniejących problemów politycznych związanych z wykorzystaniem różnych odnawialnych źródeł energii. Ponadto dokonano porównania postępów w sektorze energii odnawialnej Bangladeszu z krajami najbardziej dotkniętymi globalnymi zmianami klimatycznymi. To porównanie pozwala ocenić, w jaki sposób Bangladesz dokonuje zrównoważonej transformacji energetycznej, stawiając jednocześnie czoła problemom wynikającym ze zmian klimatu. Na koniec przedstawiono zalecenia dotyczące przyspieszenia rozwoju energii w Bangladeszu w celu przekształcenia go w zrównoważony sektor energetyczny.
 
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